уровня TOEFL по английскому языку. № 20.
Прочтите текст о красоте, а затем
ответьте на вопросы с 1 по 4.
the text about beauty and then answer questions
1 to 4.
today have fewer babies, have them later,
are less exposed to the elements,
and are better nourished and less disease-ridden
than their ancestors. They can look like
an ancestral teenager well into middle age.
Women also have techniques to stimulate
and exaggerate the clues to youth, femaleness,
and health: eye make-up (to enlarge the
eyes), lipstick, eyebrow plucking (to reduce
the appearance of a masculine brow ridge),
make-up products that increase the lustre,
thickness, and colour of hair, and hundreds
of potions alleged to keep the skin looking
young. Dieting and exercise can also help,
to keep the waist thinner and the waist-to-hip
do they do this? Is it merely an attempt
to look sexy? It could be. But people decorate
their bodies for many reasons: to look rich,
to look well connected, to look 'in', to
earn membership of a particular social group.
People outside a culture usually agree with
the people inside about who is beautiful
and who is not, and people everywhere want
to attract good-looking partners. Even three-month-old
babies prefer to look at a pretty face.
'the elements' (line 1) is closest in meaning
to: a) the weather/
The article implies that…
a) women with big hips are sexy./ b) women with waists thinner
than their hips are sexy./
c) dieting and exercise will reduce hip
The article states that…
a) women today have to wear make-up to keep
them looking young in middle age./
b) there is no universal agreement about
what is or isn't beautiful./ c) women today have children
older than they did in the past./
According to the article…
a) three-month-old babies like their mothers
to wear make-up./ b) three-month-old babies
have an awareness of what is or isn't beautiful./
c) pretty three-month-old babies like to
look at their own reflection in a mirror.
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