Упражнения уровня TOEFL по английскому языку. № 48.

Прочтите следующий текст о здоровье и выберите лучший ответ (a, b или c) на вопросы с 1 по 7.

Read the following text about health and choose the best answer (a, b, or c) to questions 1 to 7.

A study likely to encourage middle-aged men to indulge in a little more of what they like because it might do them good concludes that moderate drinking at least three or four times a week significantly lowers the threat from heart disease. Consuming alcohol moderately and often seems to cut the risk of suffering heart attacks by a third, according to researchers who tracked the drinking habits of more than 38,000 men over 12 years.

The study was one of the biggest to suggest drinking can have preventive qualities. It mattered little what type of alcohol: beer, spirits or wine appear to produce similar results. Studies of thousands of health professionals aged 40-75, including dentists, doctors and vets, suggested those who had three to seven drinks a week had a 32%-37% reduced risk of heart disease, compared with abstainers. The study is also among the first to suggest a reduced risk of heart attacks for men who increased their consumption over time.

Another study suggested that older men who drank might have a reduced risk of heart attack, but greater risk of premature death from diseases such as cancer. Alison Shaw, a cardiac nurse, said: 'In the short term, the good news is that we can all enjoy the odd drink... In the long term, alcohol should not be used to protect the heart. The best way to reduce the risk of developing coronary heart disease is still to stop smoking, increase levels of physical activity and cut down saturated fats.'

(1) In which part of a newspaper would you find this article?
a) in the food section /
b) in the sports section /
c) in the health section /

(2) When you drink alcohol in moderation…
a) you lower your risk of a heart attack. /
b) you age less quickly. /
c) you are less likely to stop smoking. /

(3) those refers to:
a) vets /
b) studies /
c) health professionals /

(4) The word abstainers is closest in meaning to:
a) non-professionals /
b) non-drinkers /
c) middle-aged women /

(5) The phrase over time is closest in meaning to:
a) too late /
b) in middle age /
c) gradually /

(6) Alison Shaw states that…
a) regular exercise reduces the risk of heart disease. /
b) middle-aged people should drink alcohol to protect the heart. /
c) cancer is a bigger killer than heart disease. /

(7) Choose the most appropriate title for the passage:
a) A Little of What You Fancy Does You Good /
b) Alcoholics Anonymous /
c) Staying Young /

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