Монологи на английском языке с текстом и переводом. №42. Тема: 1. Понятие культуры. 2. Качество медицинского обслуживания.

Today I want to introduce you to the concept of culture. We all recognize that each country has its own unique culture, but let's start by looking at some of the major characteristics of culture. We'll begin with what I consider to be the three most important characteristics, in order of importance. First, only human beings have culture.
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A group of gorillas or monkeys would not be considered to have their own culture. It is something unique to humans. Secondly, culture exists in the minds of individuals. In other words, it is learned behavior. It is the things that we - that is a group of people - consider normal. For example, the clothes that I'm wearing now are a product of my culture and what I think is normal.
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So, culture is unique to humans, and it exists in the mind. Third, cultures are different. No two cultures are the same. For example, England and Pakistan would be two very different cultures. People from England and Pakistan have different ideas and different behaviors even in simple things like how women dress.
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A health gap refers to how members of one group do not receive the same quality of treatment as another group. For example, a white person in the US may receive very good health care while a black person may receive poor health care. There are different reasons why health gaps exist. One reason is socioeconomic.

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That is, a person's social and economic level may not allow him or her good access to health care. A doctor's care or services simply might be too expensive. That probably doesn't surprise anyone. But there are also barriers to simply enter the health care system.
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People of different racial groups may actually face discrimination at a clinic or hospital. Finally, the quality of service can differ. Minorities may not receive the same quality of service as white people, even from the same doctor.
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