Монологи на английском языке с текстом и переводом. №51. Тема: Речевые сообщества.

Good morning everyone. This morning I'd like to introduce you to the concept of speech community, a concept belonging to psycholinguistics. Um. It describes a particular group of people who share certain characteristics and whose members all agree to use language in a unique way. Confused? Let me see if I can make it clearer for you. Speech communities can be groups of professionals such as doctors, groups of students, perhaps high school students, religious followers, or even groups of very close friends or family members.
1. Показать/скрыть перевод
Oh and let's not forget online groups like regular members of a chat room. Group members make up part of an "in" group. Outsiders and non-members don't understand the speech and often feel excluded, whereas members feel a sense of identity and belonging. Think about groups you've encountered. I'm sure you'll have noticed that the stylistic features of speech communities differ according to the group's socioeconomic status, meaning their social class or status in society.
2. Показать/скрыть перевод
But a speech community might also speak in a certain way because society expects them to. We don't expect doctors to speak in the same style as a group of musicians, right? We expect more formal speech from our medical practitioners, and we'd be shocked if our children spoke to their friends in a formal style.
3. Показать/скрыть перевод
Each one of us here today is probably a member of several quite different speech communities, and we almost certainly alter our speech depending upon the community we are interacting with. Think about it for a minute and I'm sure you'll recognize what I'm talking about. I'll use myself as an example. I certainly use a very different style of speech with my group of golf buddies, guys I've known since grade school, than I do with my group of academic colleagues. Take a moment to think about your own lives
4. Показать/скрыть перевод
A real challenge can occur - I'm sure you'll know what I mean here too - when you find yourself interacting with speakers from two or more of these speech communities of which you are a member. You have to find a way to make your speech appeal to speakers from both or all communities. Imagine you're trying to interact with a group of close family members AND members of your peer group over dinner. I see you know what I mean. It may not be as relaxing as talking with just one speech community at a time.
5. Показать/скрыть перевод
Если вы заметили какие-либо ошибки на сайте или хотите что-либо посоветовать, поругать, похвалить пишите сюда: Вконтакте или
Rambler's Top100