Монологи на английском языке с текстом и переводом. №57. Тема: Нехватка продовольствия в США во время Первой и Второй мировой войны.

We all know that wars are difficult. They're difficult for soldiers sent away to battle, of course, but they're also difficult for people back home. Today, I'd like to talk about some of the hardships people faced in the, uh, US during World War I and II. Now, one major hardship was the lack of food. All of those troops fighting overseas needed to eat.
1. Показать/скрыть перевод
Ask yourselves, "Where does that food come from?" It comes from the same farms that produce food in peace time, except that a lot of the farmers are now gone to war. During wars, you see, the public food supply often runs short. So, to, uh, help solve this problem, the US government encouraged private citizens to grow their own food. They asked people to plant their own gardens and feed their own families.
2. Показать/скрыть перевод
These gardens were called victory gardens. In these victory gardens, people tried to grow their own vegetables, fruits, and even herbs to use in cooking. So, how successful do you think these victory garden campaigns were? Can you imagine turning your backyard into a vegetable garden? No? Not many of you, huh? No green thumbs in this class? Actually, victory gardens worked really well in the US.
3. Показать/скрыть перевод
The government placed posters about victory gardens everywhere. As an example, in 1944, the posters had the words 'Plant more in '44'' on them. This resulted in over, uh, over 20 million Americans planting victory gardens. Pretty impressive, huh? These gardens produced a huge amount of food. In fact, historians estimate that forty percent of all of the vegetables consumed in the US that year were from victory gardens.
4. Показать/скрыть перевод
This meant that, umm, more vegetables from large farms could be canned or processed and then shipped overseas to feed the troops. Victory gardens were a huge success during both World War I and II. As a result of private citizens' efforts, both the troops and the public were able to have enough food during the war years.
5. Показать/скрыть перевод
When World War II ended in 1945, people were ready to get back to normal life, but, uhh, unfortunately, there were still hardships to face. Believe it or not, one of these hardships was a lack of food. You see, once the war was over, people immediately stopped planting their victory gardens. They expected that food production would go back to normal immediately.
6. Показать/скрыть перевод
Of course, this was not the case. It took some time for production to get back to normal. As a result, the public actually experienced worse food shortages in peace time than during either World War I or II!
7. Показать/скрыть перевод
Если вы заметили какие-либо ошибки на сайте или хотите что-либо посоветовать, поругать, похвалить пишите сюда: Вконтакте или
Rambler's Top100