Монологи на английском языке с текстом и переводом. №64. Тема: Правила игры в баскетболе.

The main aim of basketball, like most team sports, is to outscore the opposing team, but who ever said basketball was a simple game? It might look as though all players have to do is put a ball through a basket, but this is not the case - the rules of play are far from simple.
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There is an elaborate set of rules in basketball, and when any one of these is broken, the referee blows a whistle to signal that there has been a rule violation. Hand signals are used to indicate the type of rule that has been broken.
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Many of the rules are the same whether the game is a college game or a professional one, but I want to look at some of the rule differences between college and professional basketball. First, a college game is divided into two 20 minute segments, but a professional game has four 12 minute segments. So college games are 40 minutes total, with one break in the middle.
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Pro games are at least 48 minutes divided into four quarters. Another difference is that a college team is allowed 35 seconds to shoot the ball before having to give it up to the opposing team, whereas a professional team has less time to shoot. In professional games, the shot clock has only 24 seconds on it!
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When a player makes too much contact with another player, a foul is called because making contact can give a player an unfair advantage. In a college game players are ejected from the game after five fouls, but in a professional game, players get one more. It happens after six fouls. Now what about scoring?
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Well, a player is awarded 3 points, 2 points or 1 point depending on his position on the court and his circumstances at the time he shoots. Let me explain. If a player shoots from behind the three point line and puts the ball through the basket, he scores 3 points; if he achieves the same thing from within the 3 point line, he gets 2 points.
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And if he is given a free shot because he has been fouled, then he gets 1 point. You see? It's all quite mathematical! At the end of the game, if both teams have equal scores, if they tie, then overtime periods of five minutes are played until one team comes out in front. Simple? I don't think so.
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