our last lecture, we talked about the period
of art called "impressionism."
Remember that impressionism was a very exciting
time in the history of art. Impressionism
lasted from about 1860 until 1880. The period
of time that followed impressionism is also
very important. This period is called "post-impressionism."
The period of post-impressionism lasted
from the late 19th century until the early
part of the 20th century; that is, from
about 1880 until 1900.
artists of the time of post-impressionism
used the previous form of impressionism
as their basis. As you probably remember
from our lecture on impressionism, it was
common to apply paint thickly. Painters
also painted real subject matter, like people
or scenery. Although the post-impressionists
continued to paint thickly and paint real
subjects, they went beyond this style. For
example, post-impressionist artists tried
to show more emotion in their works.
artists would show extra emotion and expression
in the faces of their subjects. They tried
to show if a person looked sad, happy, angry,
frustrated....well, you get the idea: more
emotion. You may have heard of one of the
groups that started the post-impressionist
style. There was a group of artists who
called themselves The Nabis. The word "nabi"
is from the Hebrew language. Nabi means
their name would translate to The Prophets.
This small group of artists lived in Paris,
France. They were a rebellious group of
artists. They often met to discuss and create
new styles and designs. The Nabis received
a lot of attention since their style was
so different. The fact that they painted
and created differently than previous artists
made the Nabis a famous group. They helped
define the post-impressionist art style.
Nabis were recognized for making different
kinds of art. In addition to painting, the
Nabis did print-making. Print making is
like what we see in posters today. Print
making became very popular because posters
could be reproduced quickly and cheaply.
The Nabis were also interested in illustrating
books and working with textiles and furniture.
Actually, this leads me to the main point
of today's lecture, the goal of post-impressionist
of the goals of the post-impressionists
was to integrate art with daily life. In
this way, artists of this time did more
than paint. They used other means of creating
art. For example, the artists would not
only use brushes to create a work of art.
They would also use elements of daily life,
such as glass or iron. The use of these
materials gave their works a new look and
also made them relevant to a far wider audience.
art of this time also went beyond simple
viewing. Artists again integrated their
work with daily life by making jewelry.
In this sense, art could be worn by people.
The artists also incorporated their work
in architecture. The post-impressionistic
designs were used when creating or designing
buildings. The designs were also used when
making furniture or other household objects.
Again, they wanted to be more inclusive
and appeal to a wider audience.