уровня TOEFL по английскому языку. № 1. 10-101
Прочтите статью о пятничном переодевании.
Для предложений с 1 по 5 выберите T (Истина) или F (Ложь).
the article about Dress-Down Friday. For sentences
1 to 5 choose T (True) or F (False).
official - wearing casual clothes to work
makes people rude, lazy and flirtatious.
Dress-down Friday has not worked out. A
host of new surveys from the States shows
employers increasingly concerned that staff
who turn up 'smart casual' are up to 50
per cent more likely to act rude and silly.
Lateness, sluggishness or just not being
there at all have all become hallmarks of
the last day of the working week, according
to a study for American Corporate Trends
Magazine. So much so, that many bosses are
now returning Friday to its previous strict
and sober incarnation.
first went casual in Britain in the late
1980s, but the practice didn't really catch
on until the mid-Nineties. By then, the
economy was booming and new sources of income
and prestige - IT, biotechnology, dotcom
- were emerging. The people who worked for
these firms may have been rich, but bowler
hats and umbrellas represented an older
- now ailing - economy, one that had been
founded in the mid-nineteenth century on
a formal distinction between work and home.
The New Economy, by contrast, liked to emphasise
the continuity and even overlap between
professional and domestic spaces. People
brought scented candles to the office before
returning home to a converted industrial
site. In Frankfurt, workers could pop into
'nap rooms' after lunch, while in London
the smartest new nightclub was called, quite
simply, 'Home'. Work and play had become
down has proved to be more of a worry than
getting dressed up in a uniform ever was.
Even in those companies that are casual
every day, the understanding is that you
wear a suit whenever appropriate - to meet
a client, make an important presentation.
'As a result I spend more time matching
up my clothes to my schedule than I ever
did before,' says Sarah Smart, who works
for a Swiss bank.
Where dress-down Friday got it wrong was
that employers had the hope that allowing
people to wear buff-coloured trousers to
the office would signal a loosening up of
mental boundaries which, in turn, would
release a stream of 'beyond the box' thinking.
But clothing acts like a sharp trigger for
sense memory. Wear casual clothes to work,
and your brain thinks it's on holiday. It
makes you want to gossip with your friends,
drink coffee, and send loads of joke emails.
to the text:
People are naturally lazy and sluggish on
the last day of the working week. T
(2) Dress-down Fridays were popular in Britain
in the late 1980s. T
(3) In The New Economy there was no clear
divide between work and home. T
(4) Sarah Smart adapts the clothes she wears
for specific occasions. T
(5) It is still not clear whether clothing
affects performance in the workplace. T
вы заметили какие-либо ошибки на сайте или хотите
что-либо посоветовать, поругать, похвалить пишите