уровня TOEFL по английскому языку. № 12.
Прочтите следующий текст о футболистах.
Выберите T (Истина) или F (Ложь) предложений с 1 по 5.
the following text about football players.
Choose T (True) or F (False) sentences 1 to
footballers are born not made - preferably
in October. A psychologist has identified
six factors which are crucial to creating
football geniuses. Birth-date is important,
as children born in the autumn are older
and more physically developed than their
study by Michael Howe, a retired psychologist
from Exeter University who has spent 20
years studying gifted people, identified
a number of factors for producing top players.
He has found that young people must dedicate
themselves to a decade of solid football
practice - the equivalent of at least 10,000
hours kicking a ball. Having a supportive
adult close to hand also helps. They must
have kicked a ball by the age of five and
played their first match by seven to stand
any chance of success.
Professor Howe carried out a study of the
history of 543 players in the English Premiership
and discovered the vast majority were born
in or around October. A substantial number
of players said a strong part of their success
was due to adult encouragement from an early
age. 'Nobody is simply born to be an exceptional
football player,' said Prof Howe. 'I have
found successful players are bred rather
than born, so there could be a top footballer
on every street corner.' Teachers looking
for children with potential think they are
selecting the best players, but really they
are selecting the older kids who are stronger
and more coordinated. From then on, these
are the children who get to play more regularly
and have extra training, while the door
closes on the others. Professor Howe concluded
that the worst month for any aspiring footballer
to be born is June, as they are among the
youngest in the academic year and are likely
to be weaker than their older classmates.
Six steps to creating a football star:
Ensure a child is born in October.
2 Children should start kicking a ball before
the age of five.
3 Make sure they play their first match
before they are seven.
4 Encourage them always to play with friends.
5 Make sure they commit to 10 years of solid
to the text:
Children born in June often have extra training
because they are weaker than
their older classmates. T
(2) The missing sixth step to creating a
football star is: 'Ensure a supportive adult
is ever-present.' T
(3) Most footballers in the English Premiership
were born in the autumn. T
(4) Teachers try not to discriminate against
younger kids when choosing the best
(5) Everybody has the potential to become
a successful footballer.
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