уровня TOEFL по английскому языку. № 3.
Прочтите статью о семьях и детях.
the article about families and children.
years ago children lived out their earliest
years in an extended family of mum, dad,
and grandparents. They watched, listened
and learned as they served a sort of apprenticeship
for adulthood. Nowadays, in our more mobile
society, there seems to be a move away from
this natural approach towards formal, structured
learning. Children from the earliest days
attend creches, playgroups and nurseries.
Obsessive, driving parents arrange swimming
and junior gym then cram in reading,
number work and music lessons on top of
all that. We live in a very competitive
world and we can't help noticing how other
people manage their homes, relationships
and children. Our lives are often lived
constantly looking over our shoulder to
see that we and our children are performing
up to scratch. Is this really a great
step forward, or is it a misguided stagger
to the side?
think that those of us who are privileged
enough to have normal, healthy children
should give thanks for what we've got, give
them the best love, attention and example
we can provide, and not seek to turn them
from normal children into something super-normal.
Happiness and success in life depend on
many things other than academic tutoring.
These efforts often do more for the givers'
own egos and hang-ups than help the
child to cope better with the real, harsh
world they will have to live in. Children
who enjoy learning should be encouraged,
but not pushed to ridiculous lengths. Parents
must also be cautioned that many apparently
clever tricks are in reality much less spectacular
than they would appear.
Сопоставьте слова из текста 1-5 с
их значениями a-e.
Match the words from the text 1-5
with their meanings a-e.
up to scratch
a) to normal standards
b) foolish movement
c) psychological preoccupation
e) period of learning
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