уровня TOEFL по английскому языку. № 14.
Прочтите следующий текст об интернет-радио.
Выберите T (Истина) или F (Ложь) для предложений с 1 по
the following text on Internet radio. Choose
T (True) or F (False) for sentences 1 to 7.
radio is a great illustration of why the
unregulated Internet stimulates so much
innovation and allows an unparalleled range
back in 1994, a man named Rob Glaser had
a great idea for transmitting audio signals
across the Net. It had always been possible
to transfer audio files - some were doing
it in the 1980s - but the problems were
that (a) the files were large and (b) the
entire file had to be transferred before
you could start listening to it.
Glaser's Big Idea was to compress the file
and dispatch it over the Net in the usual
way, but with one magical twist: special
player software (available as a free download)
would, after a brief pause, start playing
the audio even as the rest of the file was
downloading, thereby giving the listener
the illusion of being able to listen to
audio programming live. Thus was born 'streaming
media.' Henceforth, audio (and, later, video)
signals could be 'streamed' over the Net
and listened to by anyone with an Internet
connection and a PC. The name Glaser chose
for his invention was Real Audio, and it
spread like wildfire.
The Real Audio story provides a great illustration
of why the unregulated Internet has stimulated
so much innovation. Because the network
is owned by nobody, and because it is a
'dumb' system designed to do only one thing
- deliver data packets from source to destination
- anyone with a good idea can harness it.
If you can do it with packets, the Internet
will do it for you. Glaser had a great idea
for sending audio in packets, so all he
had to do was write the software and - Bingo!
- the network did the rest. If, however,
the Net were owned, he would have had to
apply for permission and would then have
become involved in arguments about what
was legitimate and illegitimate use of the
system and, well, you can imagine the rest...
One of the reasons Real Audio took off was
because it enabled anyone to set up a virtual
radio station. People no longer needed a
broadcasting licence and a transmitter and
all the other expensive apparatus of broadcasting:
all that was required was a server, a broadband
connection, some server software (available
at a modest price from Mr Glaser) and a
source of audio material. Internet radio
stations spread and today, there are at
Internet radio has been popular since the
(2) Mr Glaser had to apply for a licence
to use the Internet network. T
(3) Real Audio enables you to download software
over the Net. T
(4) 'Streaming media' was Glaser's 'Big
(5) Real Audio has been very successful.
(6) The writer of the article believes the
Internet should be better regulated. T
(7) The writer of the article is very positive
about Internet radio. T
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