Монологи на английском языке с текстом и переводом. №45. Тема: 1. Лечение депрессии. 2. Формирование групп.

We are going to talk a little about depression today. Depression is an illness which affects many people in the United States. In fact, about thirty million people in the US have experienced major depression at some time in their lives. The problem is that not everyone who gets depressed receives treatment. Recent reports state that about half of Americans with depression are getting treatment.
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In the past, more women received treatment. Now the number of men who receive treatment is nearly equal to the number of women, although more women still seek treatment than men. Who receives treatment is not so much related to gender as to age. Depression is seen more in younger people, those between 18 and 40 years old. People over 60 years old experience less depression than younger people.
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Today, we will be talking a little about groups and how they can form. Groups can develop in various ways. One model proposes that there are four stages of creating a group. First, people must get along (or pretend to be friendly) with each other. Once people act like they are on a friendly basis, the second stage can begin. The second stage is called "storming." Here, politeness is not always respected.
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Group members test each other to see how the relationships may change. So group members make waves or cause small storms in the group. After the "storming" stage, normalization begins. In the "normalization" stage, the group members get used to each other and begin to act in cooperation. Finally, the productivity stage begins. "Productivity" means that group members work with each other to do a project.
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