Dead Sea is a body of water in the Middle
East. It is located between the country
of Israel and the Kingdom of Jordan. The
Dead Sea is interesting for various reasons.
First, you might notice the name. Why do
you think the Dead Sea is called that? Normally
we think about seas as places where fish
and other marine life live, right? In fact,
nothing can live in the Dead Sea.
reason for this is that the Dead Sea has
an extremely high amount of salt in the
water. Some seas, like the Mediterranean,
have a salt concentration of about 3.5 percent.
The Dead Sea, in contrast, has a salt concentration
of 34 percent. Compare 3.5 percent to 34
percent and you will realize that the Dead
Sea has much more salt than the Mediterranean.
fact, it has about ten times more salt in
its water than the Mediterranean! That extremely
high salt concentration does not allow for
life in its water. Another interesting point
about the Dead Sea is its elevation. The
Dead Sea is found at the lowest point of
dry land on the Earth. The elevation of
the Dead Sea is 417 meters below sea level.
Compare that elevation to the Mediterranean
Mediterranean is only about 50 meters below
sea level. So the Dead Sea is much lower
in elevation than the Mediterranean. Let's
make sure you have those numbers correct.
Dead Sea: 417 meters below sea level. The
Mediterranean: 50 meters below sea level.
Here's another interesting fact about the
Dead Sea. The Dead Sea is drying out very
can say that the sea is drying because it
is losing its water. Mainly, the water from
the sea is evaporating. Besides evaporating,
the water is being absorbed by the ground
underneath it. In just the last 30 years,
the water level has dropped 25 meters. That
means there is 25 meters less water in the
Dead Sea today than there was 30 years ago.
loss of water also creates unstable land
around the sea. The instability of the land
can cause the ground to fall in some areas.
This creates a problem for tourism. For
example, a tourist may be walking and the
ground will suddenly fall out from under
him or her.